The adventures of Sherlock Holmes, described by Arthur Conan Doyle, have become famous throughout the world thanks to their unconventional deductive crime investigations. Did you know that due to such popularity, this work was most often screened. Over 300 versions of The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes and Doctor Watson were filmed. A.K. Doyle did not consider this work serious, so the decision was made to “destroy” the main character in one of the stories. As a result, a sea of angry letters from fans poured in, after which Sherlock was “resurrected.” But there are still interesting facts. For example, the prototype of Sherlock Holmes is Dr. Joseph Bell.
Sherlock Holmes prototype Doctor Bell?
In fact, the images of Sherlock Holmes and Doctor Watson were collected in one real person, familiar to Conan Doyle. The prototype of the famous detective Sherlock Holmes was Dr. Joseph Bell, a friend of Conan Doyle, who could draw amazing conclusions with the help of detailed observations. It was only thanks to the stories about Sherlock Holmes that deductive techniques began to be put into practice by criminologists around the world. Deductive methods of conducting criminal cases were inspired by Edgar Poe's story “Murder in the Rue Morgue.” Watson's prototype was the real Dr. Watson, a dentist who was treated by Conan Doyle. Perhaps today the stories of Sherlock Holmes and Doctor Watson are classics of the genre.
More interesting facts about Sherlock Holmes
- Source of the name "Sherlock Holmes": The name "Sherlock Holmes" was inspired by two real-life personalities. "Sherlock" was taken from the surname of Oliver Wenner Sherlock, a professor of medicine with whom Doyle studied at the University of Edinburgh. "Holmes" came from Dr. Joseph Bell, who was already mentioned in the article.
- First appearance of Sherlock Holmes: The first incarnation of Sherlock Holmes on the pages of literature occurred in the novel A Scandal in Bohemia, published in 1891. This novel was the first in the collection of short stories "The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes."
- Author's Friendship with Joseph Bell: Arthur Conan Doyle's friendship with Joseph Bell had a significant influence on the creation of the character of Sherlock Holmes. Bell was a renowned surgeon and had incredible analytical skills, which inspired Doyle to create a hero with unique investigative techniques.
- Other Sherlock Holmes Characters: Besides John Watson, Sherlock Holmes had many other important allies and enemies in his adventures. One of the most famous enemies is Professor Moriarty, who was Holmes' archenemy and symbolized the brilliant criminal mind.
- Impact on Forensic Science: The investigative techniques introduced by Sherlock Holmes had a huge impact on the development of forensic science in the real world. Many modern criminologists and investigators were inspired by his methods of deduction and analysis.
- Holmes in culture: The character of Sherlock Holmes has become an integral part of world culture. His image has inspired numerous adaptations in films, television series, books and even video games. One of the most famous Sherlocks in cinema is Benedict Cumberbatch in the TV series Sherlock.
- The Scandal of "Annihilation" of Holmes: When Arthur Conan Doyle decided to "destroy" Sherlock Holmes in the story "The Last Case of Sherlock Holmes", it caused a real scandal among fans. Doyle was forced to bring Holmes back to life in subsequent stories after much protest.
These facts highlight the richness and influence of the world of Sherlock Holmes on literature, film and forensic science, as well as the inspiration for this legendary character.